Revolutions: Internet Freedom Steps Into the Limelight

Anti-Massacre Protest in Tokyo, In front of Libya Embassy (2011.02.23) カダフィによる虐殺抗議デモ(リビア人民局前, 東京都渋谷区代官山町)
Tokyo’s Libya Protest by jetalone

Secretary of State Clinton made a speech last week committing to the ideal of an uncensored Internet as a primary tool for freedom. Her remarks — while in contrast to U.S. reactions about Wikileaks and the Obama Administration’s questionable policies on net neutrality — were made in the wake of the incredible events that have occurred in Tunisia, Egypt, Libya and other Arabic countries. As a result, liberty via the Internet has become a top policy objective.

Throughout the Middle East’s unrest, individuals have used the Internet to communicate, speak out, and organize against totalitarian regimes in their countries. Further, citizens in Arabic countries can inform the rest of the world via social publishing tools, providing networked awareness of protests and actions. Just watch NPR’s Andy Carvin share updates he’s found from the Middle East, and you will see this form of network weaving in effect.

Lest this post spark yet another, “Twitter Can’t Topple Dictators Article” yes, none of those revolutions were directly caused by social networks or other Internet tools. Rather, the Internet served as a communications tool, a catalyst for freedom.

Dissidence can be very dangerous. Speaking out doesn’t always yield a positive result. For example, Syrian blogger Ahmad Abu Khair was arrested this past weekend (Khair was released today). Given how some hardline totalitarian regimes like Syria, Iran and Libya react to protest, Khair’s life could have been in danger. Social networking can also provide a trail of dissidents for authoritarian governments.

Finally, when a revolution moves to the streets, it can become lethal. Muammar el Qaddafi’s genocide to keep control of Libya has demonstrated exactly how bloody revolutions can become. Many brave souls fight under the threat of execution for freedom in Libya. God willing, may they have success.

Yet the net gain of Internet tools cannot be dismissed. As Clay Shirky said in response to Malcolm Gladwell, “Even the increased sophistication and force of state reaction, however, underlines the basic point: these tools alter the dynamics of the public sphere. Where the state prevails, it is only by reacting to citizens’ ability to be more publicly vocal and to coordinate more rapidly and on a larger scale than before these tools existed.”

For those of us that have been professionally working online since the World Wide Web’s inception, this triumphant use of Internet tools harkens back to the Information Superhighway. It was under Bill Clinton’s watch that Al Gore worked diligently to promote the National Information Infrastructure, with its vision of placing digital printing presses in every human being’s hands. The Digital Divide was a huge issue then, and in light of recent events, it should be again. We see now that the dream can be realized, that the Internet catalyzes freedom.

Fostering Global Internet Use

Libya map with old flag
Image by FutureAtlas

Empowering speech online as a catalyst for greater freedom means providing these tools to every person across the globe. Statistics show that almost 2 billion people have access to the Internet, roughly 29% of the planet’s population. However, roughly half of all Internet users do not have access to broadband globally, limiting their ability to interact.

In a typical mistaken way, the State Department celebrated its policy declaration by publicly launching Twitter feeds in Arabic and Farsi. While propaganda is an old hat for the government, it doesn’t empower people to think or choose their own ideas of freedom. What is needed is a much stronger policy towards providing infrastructure rather than political ideas.

There are three main priorities for increasing access to the Internet and the incredibly diverse universe of ideas and conversations globally:

Wireless Infrastucture: Wireless has allowed many countries to leapfrog the landline telecommunications nightmare, an insurmountable investment in fiber optics. Encouraging widespread diffusion of 4G, WiFi and other broadband wireless technologies is the critical first step.

Mobile and Portable Computing: Smartphones and portable computing devices like tablets and netbooks are the tools of freedom. Lower costs break the Digital Divide, empowering people across the world to access the Internet via broadband tools and easily publish information online. By seeking to provide as many wireless enabled smart computing devices to global citizens, countries can foster a higher level of communication and interaction.

Accompanying deployment of mobile devices, is the development of software and Internet tools that work well on these devices. Desktop applications need not apply. In that sense, HTML 5 is a great equalizer, as have been the many mobile applications built over the past few years. There is more room to grow for the mobile/portable web.

Skills Development: Education initiatives across the globe should focus on how to teach people to digest information intelligently. We need an empowered, functional Fifth Estate, and a critical aspect of that is digital literacy. The overall quality of content has decreased with the rise of social media, infusing much more opinion than fact.

Teaching citizens from the U.S. to the Middle East and beyond how to use digital communications and publish better information will help dialogue. Nonprofits and companies like Internews Network and AllVoices are working towards this laudable goal. We need to go further, and make digital literacy and publishing a core tenant of any child’s education.

All governments should seeks these three objectives as a means to promote liberty online. What do you think of the Internet as a tool for freedom?

Related Posts:

Revolutions: Don’t Shoot the Social Media Messenger

Journalism Skills for Everyone


  • Very interesting!
    And although Syrian blogger Ahmad Abul-Khair has been released, 19-year-old Tal al-Mallouhi has been sentenced to five years in jail.. ( :-)

    • Yes, he was. And I found out on your Twitter feed. I did give you some link love in the post, Mich. Keep up the great work!

  • Geoff, I completely agree with you on the need for digital literacy. Being able to differentiate between one source of information and another – especially where, oftentimes, there is an overwhelming amount of information to choose from – is absolutely critical. Issue such as credibility, factual source, affiliation, motivation, bias etc. have to be incorporated into a proper evaluation of information.

    • And people wonder why we love Kardashian and Bieber so much as a society. It’s because we lack education and the ability to wage meaningful discourse online, and then these microcosms of new PR brilliance end up dominating pop culture. It’s frightening in a lot of ways. We absolutely have to re-instill knowledge and education as admirable goals in this culture, as well as globally.

      • I would argue we lack parenting in this country before we lack education. Parents rely too much on the system to teach America’s youth. My mom was as strict as they come. She kept my eye on the prize no matter how hard I tried to eat the forbidden fruit. Education starts at home, PERIOD. No education system outside of a lockdown boarding school system will be able to compete with a parents ability to teach, instill values and provide discipline and accountability.

        • l we can argue all day long on that. The U.S. education system is in steep decline compared to the rest of the world, demonstrative of our slipping hold on competitiveness and ability to think as individuals. Parents have their part, so does a watered down education system geared towards SATs and appeasing students parents, instead of developing thinkers.

  • Outstanding.

  • And yet, right here in the US, where mobile technology and internet access are accessible to almost everyone and where personal freedoms are virtually unchecked, the country still finds itself weighed down by a socially backward class of racist, xenophobic, anti-intellectual hate-mongers using AM radio as their primary mode of communications. There’s an element of irony there that I am just now beginning to wrap my head around.

    • The U.S. is no role model of free speech, not after what I saw in the Gulf, after the whole Bush administration shut downs of people dissenting against Iraq. No, we have a lot to learn from the rest of the world.

      • Wow! I don’t know about that one Geoff. While I’m definitely no fan of what our political system has turned into over the years and how the elected conduct themselves basically in their own self interest. By in large, I believe in the people of this country to do the right thing, peacefully shun those that don’t and not be an apologist for bad behavior. The Constitution, the greatest document ever crafted and decades ahead of its time, proves the freedom has always been in the fabric of the US. Have there been errors, and gross ones at times? Of course. But the death rate much less the conviction rate for people speaking their mind in America should be the bottom line on how the level of free speech is judged not the topics, being good or bad, being preach.
        I think its also fair to reiterate that I speak to the people of America not the self-service elite in leadership roles. If a more common (wo)man lead the country and held firm in the convictions stated in the constitution the socially backward class would be ushered out of relevance.

        • I feel this country has lost its mojo, and see it as much less free, and acting a s a voice of freedom internationally than it would like to think. I won’t get too much into it here, as I appreciate your views and passion, but it is systematic and goes beyond the presidency.

        • I feel this country has lost its mojo, and see it as much less free, and acting a s a voice of freedom internationally than it would like to think. I won’t get too much into it here, as I appreciate your views and passion, but it is systematic and goes beyond the presidency.

          • would love to hear your views our restricted free speech here. something I’ve never really thought much about because, in short, i’ve never felt like I or people I know have been restricted.

          • You mean like the time I went down to Louisiana to cover the oil spill and a Grand Isle sheriff tried to take away my camera because I was taking pictures of him barring citizens from entering a beach?

  • Working with folks in the Middle East on the Emediat project, a capacity building project for social media/digital media skills, there’s another point to add to your list. Language or translation. There are great models out there like Meedan – which uses a combination of machine and human translation — so that dialogue can flow freely without being lost in translation.

  • the internet is a tool…a very powerful one at that…which allows anyone to communicate anything he or she wants in a free country

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